”idiootti”), oli japanilainen, kamikazekäyttöön suunniteltu, rakettimoottorein varustettu itsemurhapommi. Konstruktion: Timo Starkloff; kleines und leichtes Modell – unter 250 g; im beliebten Aircombat-Maßstab 1:12 gehalten; DXF-Datensatz zum Fräsen oder Lasern der Einzelteile erhältlich; Zum Ende der Bildergalerie springen . Yokosuka MXY7; Verwendung auf vi.wikipedia.org Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka; Metadaten. Postwar analysis indicated that no hits were recorded and that a near-miss took place. There was one experimental variant of the Model 11, the Model 21, which had thin steel wings manufactured by Nakajima. Price: Euro 14.16 plus shipping available online from Brengun. Attacks intensified in April 1945. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka – pilotowany pżez pilota-samobujcę samolot-pocisk konstrukcji japońskiej z okresu II wojny światowej . Floppar Gast; Re: Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka - 1/48 - Fine Molds « Antwort #31 am: 27. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka were deployed by the Imperial Japanese Navy for use … Yokosuka MXY7 — Yokosuka Ōka Modell 11 (Nachbau) im Militärmuseum des Yasukuni Schreins in Tokio Die Yokosuka MXY 7 »Ōka« (jap. The first flight of a Model 22 Ohka took place in June 1945; none appear to have been used operationally, and only approximately 20 of the experimental Tsu-11 engines are known to have been produced. In the first two attempts to ship the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf through aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the US submarines USS Archer-Fish and USS Redfish. The Ohka … [4], The final approach was difficult for a defender to stop because the aircraft gained high speed (650 km/h (400 mph) in level flight and 930 km/h (580 mph) or even 1,000 km/h (620 mph) in a dive. BRP48002 -Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 22: Scale: 1/48. Ohka nie posiadała żadnego uzbrojenia defensywnego. Yokosuka Ohka MXY7-K1 KAI (two seats) / 1:72 von Brengun No.BRP72032 für 13,51 € Right then. It had the engine of the Model 11 and the airframe of the Model 22. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka był japońskim samobójczym samolotem-pociskiem z okresu II wojny światowej. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was used mostly against American ships invading Okinawa, and if launched from its mothership, could be extremely effective due to its high speed in the dive. 1,200 kg (2,600 lb) Ammonal warhead, Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, 2 Hyphenated trailing letter (-J, -K, -L, -N or -S) denotes design modified for secondary role, 1. The Ohka was, No hits were recorded.[14]. The mothership was to be the Nakajima G8N Renzan. Gespeichert Suche Schiffspläne aller Art. Ohta submitted his plans to the Yokosuka research facility. Stroj MXY7 s kódovým označením Óka začala vyvíjať japonská firma Jokosuka. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka. [15], Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[36], Armament One returned. This single-seat, flying bomb packed a large warhead in the nose and employed three small rocket engines mounted in the tail to extend its range. Kugisho MXY-7 Ohka Model 22 (Yokosuka): für Selbstmordangriffe konzipiertes japanisches Militärflugzeug Während noch mehrere raketengetriebene Ohka 11 vorhanden sind, ist diese Ohka 22 die einzige strahlgetriebene Version des Kamikaze-Flugzeugs der Welt. Lentävä pommi. [16] On 12 April 1945, nine "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. For other uses, see, Japanese Navy Special-Purpose Aircraft designations, Kightly, James. The only variant which saw service was the Model 11, and it was powered by three Type 4 Mark 1 Model 20 rockets. Attacks intensified in April 1945. The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, "cherry blossom"; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of World War II. 桜花), kirsikankukka, liittoutuneiden raportointinimi Baka (jap. One Betty returned. Man erkennt sie an den beiden Lufteinläufen vor dem Leitwerk. combinedfleet.com, 2015-08-01 [cit. The Imperial Japanese Navy decided the idea had merit and Yokosuka engineers of the Yokosuka Naval Air Technical Arsenal (Dai-Ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho, or in short Kugisho[6]) created formal blueprints for what was to be the MXY7. Es war im Sommer 1944, als angesichts der überwältigenden und schnell zunehmende Stärke der Alliierten auf dem pazifischen Kriegsschauplatz, der japanische Marinestab erstmals das Konzept von Selbstmordangriffen zur Abwehr der feindlichen Angriffe in Erwägung zog. Postwar analysis indicated that no hits were recorded and that a near-miss took place. [14] The transports Alpine, Achernar, and Tyrrell were also hit by kamikaze aircraft, but it is unclear whether any of these were Ohkas from the other "Bettys". US personnel disarming the warhead of an Ohka, Yontan Airfield, Okinawa, April 1945. United States sailors gave the aircraft the nickname Baka (バカ?, "fool" or "idiot").[2][3]. Ohka, jap. Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) Lethal Kamikaze Attack Weapon Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (桜花). The Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer USS Mannert L. Abele was the first Allied ship to be sunk by Ohka aircraft, near Okinawa on 12 April 1945. K-1: (rebuilt to represent a Model 11, but retaining the landing skid): Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Februar 2016, 19:34:48 » Sehr gerne! [10] Forty-five were built by Dai-Ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho. Kamikaze. The Imperial War Museum recently completed the restoration of their Yokosuka Ohka 11. None returned. October 1944 (unpowered), November 1944 (powered). At least one made a successful attack; its Ohka was thought to have hit one of the 406 mm (16 in) turrets on the battleship West Virginia, causing moderate damage. One "Betty" returned. The other Ohka narrowly missed (its pilot probably killed by anti-aircraft fire) and crashed into the sea, knocking off the Stanly's ensign in the process. "Yokosuka Ohka Kamikaze Pilot. At least one made a successful attack; its Ohka was thought to have hit one of the 406 mm (16 in) turrets on the battleship West Virginia, causing moderate damage. In the first two attempts to transport the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf using aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the U.S. submarines Archerfish and Redfish.. [10], The Model 33 was a larger version of the Model 22 powered by an Ishikawajima Ne-20 turbojet with an 800-kilogram (1,800 lb) warhead. The Ohka was a small, rocket-powered vehicle mounting a large warhead in the nose and intended to be carried to the target area by a Mitsubishi G4M2e bomber. Two days later, six "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. For other uses, see, Japanese Navy purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1979 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMikesh_and_Abe1990 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFFrancillon1971 (, Kightly, James. [8] Forty-five were built by Dai-Ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho. Napęd zapewniały trzy silniki rakietowe Type 4-1 model 20 Oblot prototypu miał miejsce pod koniec 1944 roku, a produkcja seryjna trwała w latach 1944-1945, kończąc się wytworzeniem ok.850 maszyn tego typu. [16], Model 43 K-1 Kai rocket assist trainers, note the landing skid, Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 11, on display at Indian Air Force Museum, Palam, New Delhi, India, K1 Ohka Trainer, National Museum of the U.S. Air Force, Thermojet powered, Model 22 Ohka. Daar was in Augustus 1944 begin met die ontwerp van die vlieënde bom en produksie het reeds in September 1944 begin. One Ohka hit the bridge of a minesweeper, Shea, causing extensive damage and casualties. The MXY-7 Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka was a manned flying bomb that was usually carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M2e Model 24J "Betty" bomber to within range of its target. "Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" and Ohka Bomb". This single-seat, flying bomb packed a large warhead in the nose and employed three small rocket engines mounted in the tail to extend its range. Jeffers destroyed an Ohka with AA fire 45 m (50 yd) from the ship, but the resulting explosion was still powerful enough to cause extensive damage, forcing Jeffers to withdraw. None of the Ohkas appeared to have been launched. Stroj MXY7 s kódovým označením Óka začala vyvíjať japonská firma Jokosuka. Die Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was 'n vuurpylaangedrewe vlieënde bom wat deur 'n vlieënier beheer was. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was used mostly against U.S. ships invading Okinawa, and if launched from its mothership, could be effective because of its high speed in the dive. The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, "cherry blossom"; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of the Pacific War during World War II. This was problematic, as it required the slow, heavily laden mother aircraft to approach within 37 km (20 nmi; 23 mi) of the target, making them very vulnerable to defending fighters. Voor die koms van die Yokosuka was gewone vliegtuie omgebou vir kamikaze-aanvalle. Two of this version were built. Ōka pudotetaan G4M2 ”Betty” -pommikoneesta. Diese Datei enthält weitere Informationen (beispielsweise Exif-Metadaten), die in der Regel von der Digitalkamera oder dem verwendeten Scanner stammen. Dit was deur die Japannese Keiserlike Vloot gebruik vir kamikaze-aanvalle. Carried aloft in the bomb bay of a modified Mitsubishi G4M bomber and flown towards the target area, the Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (cherry blossom) bomb would be released, its rockets fired and then flown directly to impact on a selected target; the pilot was sealed into his cockpit before take-off. One Betty returned. The MXY7 had an unusual origin. The idea was suggested by Ensign Mitsuo Ohta of the 405th Kokutai, a transport pilot. Model 43B K-1 Kai Wakazakura on static display at the, Francillon, René J. Unlike the combat aircraft, it was also fitted with flaps and a landing skid. On 1 April 1945, six "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) 'Baka' was a manned suicide rocket that achieved limited success, but was dangerously vulnerable while being carried to its target. [11], The Model 22 was designed to overcome the short standoff distance problem by using a Campini-type motorjet engine, the Ishikawajima Tsu-11. Dar dvi Betės lydi atakuojančius lėktuvus, atlikdamos stebėjimus ir padėdamos navigacijoje. National Air and Space Museum, The rear of Ohka, Royal Air Force Museum Cosford. Thermojet powered Model 22, note the jet intake on the side just forward of the tail. On 4 May 1945, seven "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, "cherry blossom"; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft[1] employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of the Pacific War during World War II. On 25 May 1945, 11 "Bettys" attacked the fleet off Okinawa. On release, the Kamikaze pilot would first glide towards the target and when close enough he would … Later versions were designed to be launched from coastal air bases and caves, and even from submarines equipped with aircraft catapults, although none were actually used in this way. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was the only purpose-built suicide aircraft ever deployed. 桜花 – Óka, niekedy neštandardne prepisované ako Ohka, ... Najznámejším z nich bola Jokosuka MXY7 Óka, čo znamenalo čerešňový kvet, Američanmi nazvaný tiež Baka (blázon). [13] In the first two attempts to transport the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf using aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the U.S. submarines Archerfish and Redfish. The first flight of a Model 22 Ohka took place in June 1945; none appear to have been used operationally, and only approximately 20 of the experimental Tsu-11 engines are known to have been produced. Flugzeuge Re: Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka - 1/48 - Fine Molds « Antwort #30 am: 27. Dit was deur die Japannese Keiserlike Vloot gebruik vir kamikaze-aanvalle. Brengun, 1/48 scale. Although extremely fast, the very short range of the Ohka meant that it had to be carried into action as a parasite aircraft by a much larger bomber, which was itself vulnerable to carrier-borne fighters. The design was conceived by Ensign Mitsuo Ohta of the 405th Kōkūtai,[5] aided by students of the Aeronautical Research Institute at the University of Tokyo. Late in World War II, the Dai-ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho (1st Naval Air Technical Arsenal) at Yokosuka, Japan, designed the MXY7-K1 to teach less experienced pilots to fly the Model 11 "Ohka" (Cherry Blossom) kamikaze suicide rocket bomb. The design was conceived by Ensign Mitsuo Ohta of the 405th Kōkūtai,[3] aided by students of the Aeronautical Research Institute at the University of Tokyo. The Japanese Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (“Cherry Blossom”) was a piloted, rocket powered, anti-shipping Kamikaze suicide aircraft with a 1,200 kg / 2,646 lb ammonal warhead designed to unleash hell upon Allied fleets. The Ohka was carried to the target under a G4M "Betty" bomber. Once the concept had been accepted, Yokosuka began developing the MXY7 Ohka (cherry blossom). Carried aloft in the bomb bay of a modified Mitsubishi G4M "Betty" bomber and flown towards the target area, the Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (cherry blossom), or Baka for the Allieds, bomb would be released, its rockets fired and then flown directly to impact on a selected target; the pilot was sealed into his cockpit before take-off. Kugisho MXY7 Ohka Model 22 Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (Ohka – kwiat wiśni) - japoński samolot, pocisk samobójczy, wyposażony w silnik rakietowy. One "Betty" returned. [15] In the first two attempts to transport the Ohkas to Leyte Gulf using aircraft carriers, the carriers Shinano and Unryu were sunk by the U.S. submarines Archerfish and Redfish. At least one made a successful attack, with its Oh… The First Naval Air Technical Arsenal (abbreviated Kugisho in Japanese) at Yokosuka responded in a few weeks with the MXY7 Ohka 11. Skies, 10. [9] A trainer version was also under development for this version, the two-seat Model 43 K-1 Kai Wakazakura (Young Cherry), fitted with a single rocket motor. Gayety was also damaged by an Ohka's near miss. The vessel was judged beyond repair. She is pictured here in early February 2020 following the conclusion of her refurbishment. Techniškai tai buvo pilotuojama sparnuotoji raketa. The destroyer Mannert L. Abele was hit, broke in two, and sank, witnessed by LSMR-189 CO James M. Stewart. Modellbeschreibung Maßstab: 1:12 Spannweite: 450mm Länge: 520mm Fluggewicht: ab 195g Tragflächeninhalt: 5,1dm² Tragflächenbelastung: ab 38g/dm² Profil Flowers, This article is about the Japanese aircraft. [5][6] Over the course of the war, Ohkas sank or damaged three ships beyond repair, significantly damaged three more ships, with a total of seven U.S. ships damaged or sunk by Ohkas. The MXY7 was rocket powered. Unlike the combat aircraft, it was also fitted with flaps and a landing skid. On 14 April 1945, seven "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. None of the Ohkas appeared to have been launched. Model 43: K-1 Kai: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. 850: Vyšnios žiedas (angl. The only operational Ohka was the Model 11. In action during the Battle of Okinawa in 1945, Ohkas were able to sink or damage some escort vessels and transport ships but no major warships were ever hit. Improved versions which attempted to overcome the aircraft's shortcomings were developed too late to be deployed. This was problematic, as it required the slow, heavily laden mother aircraft to approach within 37 km (20 nmi; 23 mi) of the target, making them very vulnerable to defending fighters. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka – pilotowany przez pilota-samobójcę samolot-pocisk konstrukcji japońskiej z okresu II wojny światowej . One of these is the Imperial War Museum’s rare surviving example of a Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Model 11. MwSt., zzgl. [11], Other unbuilt planned variants were the Model 43A with folding wings, to be launched from submarines, and the Model 43B, a catapult/rocket assisted version, also with folding wings so that it could be hidden in caves. The destroyer Mannert L. Abele was hit, broke in two, and sank, witnessed by LSMR-189 CO James M. Stewart. United States sailors gave the aircraft the nickname Baka (fool, or idiot). ", http://sensha-manual.blogspot.com/2017/10/ohka-based-interceptor-fighter.html, https://web.archive.org/web/20161220142056/http://www.nationalwarplane.org/Aircraft/YokosukaMXY-7Ohka.aspx, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Yokosuka_MXY-7_Ohka?oldid=4784237. Surviving Ohkas include: Data from Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[24], This article is about the Japanese aircraft. Late in World War II, the Dai-ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho (1st Naval Air Technical Arsenal) at Yokosuka, Japan, designed the MXY7-K1 to teach less experienced pilots to fly the Model 11 "Ohka" (Cherry Blossom) kamikaze suicide rocket bomb. Clouds, 8. The only variant which saw service was the Model 11, and it was powered by three Type 4 Mark 1 Model 20 rockets. [13], Other unbuilt planned variants were the Model 43A with folding wings, to be launched from submarines, and the Model 43B, a catapult/rocket assisted version, also with folding wings so that it could be hidden in caves. March 11, 2020 Editor Warbird Restorations 0. Also i'll paint the payload, the stand for the plane and i will have to make some items for the base. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka: 760 x 703: Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (Baka) 401 x 451: Yokosuka P1Y Ginga (Frances) vector: Yokosuka P1Y Ginga (Frances) 1315 x 1022: Yokosuka P1Y Ginga (Frances) 523 x 1195: Yokosuka P1Y Ginga / Francis (1943) 732 x 965: Yokosuka P1Y-1 Ginga (Frances) 1473 x 1104: Yokosuka P1Y-1 Ginga (Frances) 1906 x 2531: Yokosuka P1Y-1 Ginga (Frances) Kamikaze: 3811 x 2662: Yokosuka … None returned. English: The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (桜花 "cherry blossom") — was a small flying bomb that was carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M "Betty", Yokosuka P1Y Ginga "Frances" (guided Type 22) or planned Heavy Nakajima G8N Renzan "Rita" (transport type 43A/B) bomber to within range of its target. Model 22: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. Two returned, but no hits were recorded. Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka – pilotowany przez pilota-samobójcę samolot-pocisk konstrukcji japońskiej z okresu II wojny światowej Pocisk miał być przewożony przez specjalnie do tego celu przystosowane samoloty bombowe Mitsubishi G4M2e. During the Okinawa Campaign, the Japanese utilized the Yokosuka MXY-7 Okha "Baka Bomb" against U.S. Navy warships. Essentially a 1,200-kilogram (2,600 lb) bomb with wooden wings, powered by three Type 4 Model 1 Mark 20 solid-fuel rocket motors, the Model 11 achieved great speed, but with limited range. [14] On 12 April 1945, nine "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. 81, PPV Medien, Bergkirchen 2020, ISSN 2195-1233, S. … The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, " cherry blossom "; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of the Pacific War during World War II. The only operational Ohka was the Model 11. The destroyer Hugh W. Hadley was hit and suffered extensive damage and flooding. The other Ohka narrowly missed (its pilot probably killed by anti-aircraft fire) and crashed into the sea, knocking off the Stanly's ensign in the process. Flugzeuge Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka - 1/48 - Fine Molds Fertig! Nighttime lights, 4. One struck above the waterline just behind the ship's bow, its charge passing completely through the hull and splashing into the sea, where it detonated underwater, causing little damage to the ship. [9], The Model 22 was designed to overcome the short standoff distance problem by using a Campini-type motorjet engine, the Ishikawajima Tsu-11. Koneen suunnitteli lentoinsinööri, kapteeni Niki. The Ohka was essentially a piloted missile… absolute pure madness! Maloney, Edward T. and the Aeronautical Staff of Aero Publishers, Inc. On 1 April 1945, six "Bettys" attacked the U.S. Fleet off Okinawa. The destroyer Stanly was attacked by two Ohkas. The Ohka pilots, members of the Jinrai Butai (Thunder Gods Corps), are honored in Japan at Ohka Park in Kashima City, the Ohka Monument in Kanoya City, the Kamakura Ohka Monument at Kenchō-ji Kamakura, and the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo. Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (Baka Bombs) The Japanese were at a crossroads with the continued success of the Allies, which called for desperate acts to survive. Postwar analysis concluded that the Ohka's impact was negligible, since no U.S. Navy capital ships had been hit during the attacks because of the effective defensive tactics that were employed. In: Fliegerrevue X Nr. May 1945 saw another series of attacks. Yokosuka MXY7 (tunnettu nimellä Ōka (jap. None of the "Bettys" returned. May 1945 saw another series of attacks. Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka: Tipas: šturmo lėktuvas: Pirmas skrydis: 1944 m. lapkritis: Pradėtas naudoti: 1945 m. Baigtas naudoti: 1945 m. Būsena: nenaudojamas: Pagaminta vnt. Yokosuka MXY7 — Yokosuka Ōka Modell 11 (Nachbau) im Militärmuseum des Yasukuni Schreins in Tokio Die Yokosuka MXY 7 »Ōka« (jap. The MXY-7 Navy Suicide Attacker Ohka was a manned flying bomb that was usually carried underneath a Mitsubishi G4M2e Model 24J "Betty" bomber to within range of its target. The XO is LtCdr Nonaka Goro (61)(former squadron leader, 752nd NAG). bocciolo di ciliegio) fu un aereo a reazione con motore a razzo disegnato dall'ufficio di progettazione giapponese Kūgishō, il Primo arsenale tecnico aeronavale di Yokosuka, negli anni quaranta.. Fu un aeroplano specificatamente costruito come unità kamikaze impiegato dall'Impero giapponese nelle fasi finali della Seconda guerra mondiale. October 1944 (unpowered), November 1944 (powered). This single-seat, flying bomb packed a large warhead in the nose and employed three small rocket engines mounted in the tail to extend its range. 2015-08-03]. Contents & Media. "Yokosuka Ohka Kamikaze Pilot. Die Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was 'n vuurpylaangedrewe vlieënde bom wat deur 'n vlieënier beheer was. No hits were recorded.[16]. Dostupné online. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was used mostly against U.S. ships invading Okinawa, and if launched from its mothership, could be effective because of its high speed in the dive. On 22 June 1945, six "Bettys" attacked the fleet. The U.S. military quickly realized the danger and concentrated on extending their "defensive rings" outward to intercept the "Betty"/Ohka combination aircraft before the suicide mission could be launched. Daar was in Augustus 1944 begin met die ontwerp van die vlieënde bom en produksie het reeds in September 1944 begin. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was used mostly against American ships invading Okinawa, and if launched from its mothership, could be extremely effective due to its high speed in the dive. The pilot was to glide them then punch the rockets for a high speed approach to the target. 19,99 € inkl. One returned. Postwar analysis concluded that the Ohka's impact was negligible, since no U.S. Navy capital ships had been hit during the attacks because of the effective defensive tactics that were employed. The vessel was judged beyond repair. Attacks intensified in April 1945. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 17:23. Attacks intensified in April 1945. ", "Iruma: Japan's hidden aviation museum a hangar for history", "Ohka kamikaze aircraft goes on display at IWM London for the first time", "Kugisho MXY7 K-2 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) 43B", "Unique Two-Seat Yokosuka Ohka On Display at Pima Air & Space Museum", The Mysterious Second Seat – Air & Space Magazine, Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yokosuka_MXY-7_Ohka&oldid=988514794, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles needing additional references from December 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It appears that the operational record of Ohkas includes three ships sunk or damaged beyond repair and three other ships with significant damage. The Allied reporting name for the Ohka was "Baka". On release, the pilot would first glide towards the target and when close enough he would fire the Ohka's three solid-fuel rockets, one at a time or in unison,[2] and fly the missile towards the ship that he intended to destroy. The Ohka pilots, members of the Jinrai Butai (Thunder Gods Corps), are honored in Japan at Ohka Park in Kashima City, the Ohka Monument in Kanoya City, the Kamakura Ohka Monument at Kenchō-ji Zen temple in Kamakura, Kanagawa, and the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo. Later versions were designed to be launched from coastal air bases and caves, and even from submarines equipped with aircraft catapults, although none were actually used in this way. « am: 19. The only operational Ohka was the Model 11. In record rime, the Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka ('Cherry Blossom') was developed and accepted for service. On 1 April 1945, six "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. She is now hanging inside the Imperial War Museum's main gallery at their Lambeth … Two days later, six "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa. It was essentially a human-guided glider-bomb for suicide missions against Allied shipping. Námet priniesol pilot vojenských dopravných lietadiel Micuo Óhta , ktorý navrhol využitie samovražedného lietadla, vybaveného bojovou hlavicou a raketovým motorom , dopravovaného do operačnej oblasti špeciálne upraveným dvojmotorovým bombardérom . One Ohka hit the bridge of a destroyer, Shea, causing extensive damage and casualties. In place of the warhead, a second seat was installed for the student pilot. The final approach was difficult for a defender to stop because the aircraft gained high speed (650 km/h (400 mph) in level flight and 930 km/h (580 mph) or even 1,000 km/h (620 mph) in a dive. USS West Virginia (BB-48) is believed to be the first ship damaged by a Baka Bomb on April 1. The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka was a great idea as far as rocket planes went. Model tego samobójczego samolotu o napędzie rakietowym wypuściła firma Fine Molds, skala 1:48. The Ohka was a small, rocket-powered vehicle mounting a large warhead in the nose and intended to be carried to the target area by a Mitsubishi G4M2e bomber. The water ballast was dumped before landing but it remained a challenging aircraft to fly, with a landing speed of 130 mph (210 km/h). None of the "Bettys" returned. The Japanese built 755 of them by March 1945, and they were all built from non-strategic materials and were incredibly easy to fly. Februar 2016, 15:14:10 » Moin zusammen, da ich mich langsam auch bisschen auf 48er Kits fixiert habe, wollte ich für mein erstes 48er Modell ein einigermaßen einfaches Modell aussuchen. [7], The Ohka K-1 was an unpowered trainer version with water ballast instead of warhead and engines, that was used to provide pilots with handling experience. The Model 33 was cancelled due to the likelihood that the Renzan would not be available. The destroyer Stanly was attacked by two Ohkas. [12], The Model 33 was a larger version of the Model 22 powered by an Ishikawajima Ne-20 turbojet with an 800-kilogram (1,800 lb) warhead. Model 33 was cancelled due to the likelihood that the Renzan would not be available. Late in World War II, the Dai-ichi Kaigun Koku Gijitsusho (1st Naval Air Technical Arsenal) at Yokosuka, Japan, designed the MXY7-K1 to teach less experienced pilots to fly the Model 11 "Ohka" (Cherry Blossom) kamikaze suicide rocket bomb. Later, on 28 April 1945, four "Bettys" attacked the U.S. fleet off Okinawa at night. S u m m a r y : Catalogue Number: Brengun Kit No. The destroyer Hugh W. Hadley was hit and suffered extensive damage and flooding. The Japanese Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (“Cherry Blossom”) was a piloted, rocket powered, anti-shipping Kamikaze suicide aircraft with a 1,200 kg / 2,646 lb ammonal warhead designed to unleash hell upon Allied fleets. Once the concept had been accepted, Yokosuka began developing the MXY7 Ohka (cherry blossom). Zum Warenkorb hinzufügen. 桜花), kirsikankukka, liittoutuneiden raportointinimi Baka (jap. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of the United States Air Force, "Japanese Suicide Weapons: The Kugisho MXY7-K1 Ohka. Gayety was also damaged by an Ohka's near miss. On 22 June 1945, six "Bettys" attacked the fleet. The water ballast was dumped before landing but it remained a challenging aircraft to fly, with a landing speed of 130 mph (210 km/h). [12] Finally, the Model 53 would also use the Ne-20 turbojet, but was to be towed like a glider and released near its target.[7]. Captain Okamura Motoharu (50) (former CO of the 341st NAG) is the CO. The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (cherry blossom) was a purpose-built, rocket powered human-guided anti-shipping kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan towards the end of World War II. Februar 2016, 19:12:40 » Danke und wieder was gelernt . The Japanese were at a crossroads with the continued success of the Allies, which called for desperate acts to survive. Yokosuka Ohka Model 22 1945 m kovo 21 d. 16 Betė tipo bombonešių, lydimi 55 naikintuvų, atakuoja keturių amerikiečių laivų grupę ( Hornet, Bennington, Wasp, Belleau Wood ). Bad weather forced most of the aircraft to turn back, and none of the others hit targets. The Model 22 was to be launched by the more agile Yokosuka P1Y3 Ginga "Frances" bomber, necessitating a shorter wing span and much smaller 600-kilogram (1,300 lb) warhead.
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