Historically, the city was during the Joseon dynasty bounded by the Seoul Fortress Wall, which stretched between the four main mountains in central Seoul: Namsan, Naksan, Bukhansan and Inwangsan. [42] Summers are generally hot and humid, with the East Asian monsoon taking place from June until September. The largest wholesale and retail market in South Korea, the Dongdaemun Market, is located in Seoul. Seoul ranked 10th on the QS Best Student Cities 2019.[124]. [112] The National Palace Museum of Korea is also located on the grounds of the Gyeongbokgung Palace. The Joseon dynasty built the "Five Grand Palaces" in Seoul – Changdeokgung, Changgyeonggung, Deoksugung, Gyeongbokgung and Gyeonghuigung – all of which are located in Jongno and Jung Districts. Metropolitan Area information about SEL - Seoul [Metro Area], KR. [111] In October 2005, the museum moved to a new building in Yongsan Family Park. [96] Seoul has a very technologically advanced infrastructure.[97][98]. For example, the Seoul Electric Company, Seoul Electric Trolley Company, and Seoul Fresh Spring Water Company were all joint Korean–U.S. [118][119] [78] The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overall 2025 City Competitiveness" regarding future competitiveness of cities.[79]. "[33], After the annexation treaty in 1910, Japan annexed Korea and renamed the city Gyeongseong ("Kyongsong" in Korean and "Keijo" in Japanese). 'Capital'), officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital[7] and largest metropolis of South Korea. Across the Han River are the newer and wealthier areas of Gangnam District, Seocho District and surrounding neighborhoods. [89] Hwanghak-dong Flea Market and Janganpyeong Antique Market also offer antique products. Observation Decks & Towers, Points of Interest & Landmarks, Lookouts, Neighbourhoods, Points of Interest & Landmarks, I used to ride the subway every day since I moved house, It was clean, fast and the timeline was so clear. And Yakhyeon Catholic Church in Jungnim-dong, Jung District is first Catholic parish in Korea. Seoul is among the world leaders in Internet connectivity, being the capital of South Korea, which has the world's highest fibre-optic broadband penetration and highest global average internet speeds of 26.1 Mbit/s. It has a population of 25 million (as of 2017) and is ranked as the fifth largest metropolitan area in the world. There are also many buildings constructed with international styles in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Seoul is connected to every major city in South Korea by rail. With approximately 830,000 members (2007), it is the largest Pentecostal Christian congregation in the world, which has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records. Seoul was the capital of various Korean states, including Baekje, Joseon, the Korean Empire, Goryeo (as a secondary capital), and presently South Korea. Seoul's most well-known football club is FC Seoul. The 2nd World trade trade center is being planned at Seoul Olympic stadium complex as MICE HUB by Seoul city. In Amsa-dong Prehistoric Settlement Site, Gangdong District, neolithic remains were excavated and accidentally discovered by a flood in 1925.[106]. Cheonggyecheon, a stream that runs nearly 6 km (4 mi) through downtown Seoul, is popular among both Seoul residents and tourists. [55] As of 2014, the annual average PM10 concentration was still at least twice than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines. Other notable streets in downtown Seoul include Euljiro, Teheranno, Sejongno, Chungmuro, Yulgongno, and Toegyero. The festival is arranged under the Seoul Metropolitan Government. How much have you spended for a week ? The next highest group were Taiwanese citizens, at 8,717. It's neat and easy to use. [17], The city has been known in the past by the names Wiryeseong (Korean: 위례성; Hanja: 慰禮城, during the Baekje era), Hanyang (한양; 漢陽, during the Goryeo era), Hanseong (한성; 漢城, during the Joseon era), and Keijō (京城) or Gyeongseong (경성) during the period of annexation to Japan. Seoul is home to the majority of South Korea's most prestigious universities, including Seoul National University, Yonsei University, Korea University. Do note, however, that it can be very crowded at peak times. Bukchon Hanok Village and Namsangol Hanok Village are old residential districts consisting of hanok Korean traditional houses, parks, and museums that allows visitors to experience traditional Korean culture. Some regional lines in the network stretch out beyond the Seoul Metropolitan Area to rural areas in … The city was liberated by U.S. forces at the end of World War II. Korea World Trade Center Complex, which comprises COEX mall, congress center, 3 Inter-continental hotels, Business tower (Asem tower), Residence hotel, Casino and City airport terminal was established in 1988 in time for the Seoul Olympics. [32] In 1904, an American by the name of Angus Hamilton visited the city and said, "The streets of Seoul are magnificent, spacious, clean, admirably made and well-drained. A nationwide outbreak was being driven by clusters of infections in the densely populated Seoul metropolitan area, he said, home to around half of the country's 52 million residents. [99][100] Since 2015, Seoul has provided free Wi-Fi access in outdoor spaces through a 47.7 billion won ($44 million) project with Internet access at 10,430 parks, streets and other public places. Although it accounts for only 0.6 percent of the nation's land area, 48.3 percent of South Korea's bank deposits were held in Seoul in 2003,[75] and the city generated 23 percent of the country's GDP overall in 2012. [108] Located near the gates are the traditional markets and largest shopping center, Namdaemun Market and Dongdaemun Market. Wholesale markets include Noryangjin Fisheries Wholesale Market and Garak Market. Cycling is becoming increasingly popular in Seoul and in the entire country. With 607 stations, another record of Seoul Metro… The Seoul Metropolitan Government monitors and publicly shares real-time air quality data. [28] During the Joseon dynasty, the gates were opened and closed each day, accompanied by the ringing of large bells at the Bosingak belfry. [51][52][53][54] According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[55] the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2014 was 24 micrograms per cubic metre (1.0×10−5 gr/cu ft), which is 2.4 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines[56] for the annual mean PM2.5. [72], Seoul is home to the world's largest modern university founded by a Buddhist Order, Dongguk University. Incheon International Airport opened terminal 2 on January 18, 2018. The Economist Intelligence Unitranked Seoul 15th in the list of "Overa… 5G will be introduced commercially in March 2019 in Seoul. [57], Since the early 1960s, the Ministry of Environment has implemented a range of policies and air pollutant standards to improve and manage air quality for its people. Our service will end an hour earlier at night as follows: Service reduction starts from April 1, 2020. Seoul hosted the 1986 Asian Games, also known as Asiad, 1988 Olympic Games, and Paralympic Games. [84] Most bank headquarters and the Korea Exchange are located in Yeouido (Yeoui island),[80] which is often called "South Korea's Wall Street" and has been serving as the financial center of the city since the 1980s. [68], As of 2016, the number of foreigners living in Seoul was 404,037, 22.9% of the total foreign population in South Korea. Various high-rise office buildings and residential buildings, like the Gangnam Finance Center, the Tower Palace, Namsan Seoul Tower, and the Lotte World Tower, dominate the city's skyline. Strategically located along the Han River, Seoul's history stretches back over two thousand years, when it was founded in 18 BC by the people of Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Despite the city's population density, Seoul has a large quantity of parks. The next largest group was Chinese citizens who are not of Korean ethnicity; 29,901 of them resided in Seoul. Considered to be a global city, Seoul was the world's 4th largest metropolitan economy in 2014 after Tokyo, New York City and Los Angeles. The Yongsan Electronics Market is the largest electronics market in Asia. [24] After Joseon changed her name to the Korean Empire in 1897, Hwangseong also designated Seoul. The Three Kingdoms of Korea strove to take control of this land, where the river was used as a trade route to China (via the Yellow Sea). [93], Times Square is one of Seoul's largest shopping malls featuring the CGV Starium, the world's largest permanent 35 mm cinema screen.[94]. This was an 8.84% increase from the end of 2010 and a 12.85% increase from June 2010. This was a 0.24% decrease from the end of 2010. It is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. Seoul has been surrounded by walls that were built to regulate visitors from other regions and protect the city in case of an invasion. The Seoul National Capital Area also contains a green belt aimed at preventing the city from sprawling out into neighboring Gyeonggi Province. Major railroad stations include: Seoul is served by two international airports, Incheon International Airport and Gimpo International Airport. [73] Native Seoulites tend to speak the Gyeonggi dialect of Korean. Metropolitan population: 25,000,000. Pinterest. The N Seoul Tower is located at Namsan Park. About Seoul: The Facts: Region: Seoul National Capital Area. [92] The Gangnam district is one of the most affluent areas in Seoul[92] and is noted for the fashionable and upscale Apgujeong-dong and Cheongdam-dong areas and the COEX Mall. The city has grown beyond those walls and although the wall no longer stands (except along Bugaksan Mountain (Korean: 북악산; Hanja: 北岳山), north of the downtown area[27]), the gates remain near the downtown district of Seoul, including most notably Sungnyemun (commonly known as Namdaemun) and Heunginjimun (commonly known as Dongdaemun). In the 11th century Goryeo, which succeeded Unified Silla, built a summer palace in Seoul, which was referred to as the "Southern Capital". Seoul is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21 and the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. Gu of Seoul consist of 423 administrative dongs (행정동) in total. Works offline, No internet connection required !! Seoul Metropolitan Area to Level 2 Effective Nov.24. Incheon International Airport is Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers, the world's fourth busiest airport by cargo traffic, and the world's eighth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2014. Posted on December 13, 2013 by chris Posted in — 1 Comment ↓ Facebook. In addition, Seoul introduced in 2015 a bicycle-sharing system named Ddareungi (and named Seoul Bike in English).[123]. [65] Dong are also sub-divided into 13,787 tong (통; 統), which are further divided into 102,796 ban in total. Hi! The Seoul metropolitan area is supported by a relatively large Metro transportation network, consisting of 9 lines and 270 stations, the total length of which reaches 312 km. Each line has its own name and designated color, which makes it easy to use this mode of transportation. The Global Financial Centres Index in 2015 listed Seoul as the 6th financially most competitive city in the world. Namdaemun was the oldest wooden gate until a 2008 arson attack, and was re-opened after complete restoration in 2013. Seoul was the host city of the 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Summer Olympics as well as one of the venues of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Although it accounts for only 0.6 percent of the nation's land area, 48.3 percent of South Korea's bank deposits were held in Seoul in 2003, and the city generated 23 percent of the country's GDP overall in 2012. Beside the palaces, Unhyeongung is known for being the royal residence of Regent Daewongun, the father of Emperor Gojong at the end of the Joseon Dynasty. The former is operated by Seoul City Council and sits adjacent to Gyeonghuigung Palace, a Joseon dynasty royal palace. With 2,5 billion passenges per year is the world’s busiest subway. Among the city's national museum, The National Museum of Korea is the most representative of museums in not only Seoul but all of South Korea. The Mugunghwa and Saemaeul trains also stop at all major stations. Seoullo Painting in Seoul Metro 1001 Train Seoul Transportation Corporation dba Seoul … The Seoul Metropolitan Subway began operation in … After many centuries of destruction and rebuilding, about ⅔ of the wall remains, as well as six of the original eight gates. Seoul is within measurable distance of becoming the highest, most interesting and cleanest city in the East. [25] The Fortress Wall of Seoul was built early in the Joseon dynasty for protection of the city. Only for the Seoul Metropolitan Area (KRW 55,000) Use up to 60 times within 30 days after purchase; Prepaid tickets are valid only for Seoul Metro Lines 1 ~ 9 and for rail sections operated by KORAIL and AREX within the Seoul area. SEOUL, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) -- South Korea will raise its social-distancing rules to the third-highest level for two weeks from Tuesday through Dec. 7 in the Seoul metropolitan area amid the soaring COVID-19 cases in the capital area. Full Size English Versions. Seoul is the business and financial hub of South Korea. We will reduce operation hours of Seoul metro line one to eight in order to prevent the community transmission of the Covid-19 infection. Each subway line has a designated color to aid passengers in using the subway with ease. Seoul's bus system is operated by the Seoul Metropolitan Government (S.M.G. Seoul has a humid subtropical climate influenced by the monsoons (Köppen: Cwa). The city was later designated the capital of Korea under the Joseon dynasty. [24] When Joseon replaced Goryeo, the capital was moved to Seoul (also known as Hanyang or Hanseong), where it remained until the fall of the dynasty. Good for Seoul locals and tourists. But I found people here is not friendly. The narrow, dirty lanes have been widened, gutters have been covered, roadways broadened. Love seoul metro. [citation needed]. Seoul Festival is a seasonal cultural festival held four times a year every spring, summer, autumn, and winter in Seoul, South Korea since 2003. Location: City: Seoul, Republic of Korea (South Korea) Name: Metropolitan Area: IATA: SEL: Details: Type: Metropolitan Area: Latitude: … Seoul is home to various specialized schools, including three science high schools, and six foreign language High Schools. The St. Nicholas Cathedral, but sometimes called bald church, is the only Byzantine-style church in Seoul. Being in the extreme east Asia, the climate can be described as humid continental with great variation of the precipitation throughout the year and warm to hot summer (Dwa, by 0 °C isoterm). The subway also has clear signs and detailed maps in English on each station. As of 2010[update], 25% of the population has a commute time of an hour or longer. Seoul is surrounded by a mountainous and hilly landscape, with Bukhan Mountain located on the northern edge of the city. The traditional, labour-intensive manufacturing industries have been continuously replaced by information technology, electronics and assembly-type of industries;[80][81] however, food and beverage production, as well as printing and publishing remained among the core industries. Seoul Subway Map; Sinchon Area; Studios; Home › Seoul Subway Map. It is located in Ahyeon-dong, Mapo District, and is cathedral of the Orthodox Metropolis of Korea. Offline Map of Metro Lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area, up to Date. The Seoul Museum of Art and Ilmin Museum of Art have preserved the appearance of the old building that is visually unique from the neighboring tall, modern buildings. NEWS. There are also many parks along the Han River, such as Ichon Hangang Park, Yeouido Hangang Park, Mangwon Hangang Park, Nanji Hangang Park, Banpo Hangang Park, Ttukseom Hangang Park and Jamsil Hangang Park. This article is about the capital city of South Korea. The metro area population of Seoul in 2017 was 9,941,000, a 0.22% increase from 2016. There are also religious buildings that take important roles in Korean society and politics. Enjoy the highlights of the DMZ and get back to Seoul in time for lunch on a guided group tour. I think this is a chronic problem. With more than 8 million passengers per day, the subway has one of the busiest subway systems in the world and the largest in the world, with a total track length of 940 km (580 mi). For many Korean film lovers from all over the world, the Korean Film Archive is running the Korean Film Museum and Cinematheque KOFA in its main center located in Digital Media City(DMC), Sangam-dong. [86] Myeongdong is a shopping and entertainment area in downtown Seoul with mid- to high-end stores, fashion boutiques and international brand outlets. In addition, in order to cope with the various modes of transport, Seoul's metropolitan government employs several mathematicians to coordinate the subway, bus, and traffic schedules into one timetable. The estimated population within the city limits for 2016 is 10.29 million. These gates include Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun, commonly known as Namdaemun (South Great Gate) and Dongdaemun (East Great Gate). Pungnap Toseong is a flat earthen wall built at the edge of the Han River, which is widely believed to be the site of Wiryeseong. The latest measures are similar to distancing guidelines imposed from Aug. 30-Sept. 13 in the Seoul metropolitan area, following a sharp spike in new cases traced to mass demonstrations. In 2010 Seoul was designated the World Design Capital for the year.[109]. FAQ Featured Maps More Home. Adults, youths (13-19) and children (6-12). [61], Asian dust, emissions from Seoul and in general from the rest of South Korea, as well as emissions from China, all contribute to Seoul's air quality. In addition, Seoul hosts many embassies of countries it has diplomatic ties with. The Olympic Stadium, Olympic Park, and Lotte World are located in Songpa District, on the south side of the Han River, upstream from Gangnam District. Roads became paved and Western-style buildings were constructed. [122] Seoul's most important streetcar line ran along Jongno until it was replaced by Line 1 of the subway system in the early 1970s. owned enterprises. Due to its geography and to economic development policies, Seoul is a very polycentric city. [125] Students spend six years in elementary school, three years in middle school, and three years in high school. [34] From the 1970s, the size of Seoul administrative area greatly expanded as it annexed a number of towns and villages from several surrounding counties. The Seoul Capital Area is the world’s second largest metropolitan area with over 25.6 million people. Secondary schools generally require students to wear uniforms. Seoul is also home to the world's largest indoor amusement park, Lotte World. Line 1 connects larger parts of the Seoul National Capital Area. Seoul Olympic Park, located in Songpa District and built to host the 1988 Summer Olympics is Seoul's largest park. In 2016, 57,765,397 passengers used the airport. Taking a ride on subway is a fast, convenient and cheap way to get around in Seoul and reach any area of the city. Seoul Subway Map. Each gu is divided into "dong" (동; 洞) or neighbourhoods. The next highest group consisted of the 9,999 United States citizens who were not of Korean ancestry. As South Korea's economy started to grow rapidly from the 1960s, urbanization also accelerated and workers began to move to Seoul and other larger cities. It is also the 4th highest building in the world. The bell signaled the different times of the day and controlled the four major gates to the city. Although Buddhism was suppressed by the Joseon state, it has continued its existence. It also served as one of the host cities of the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The metro area population of Seoul in 2018 was 9,963,000, a 0.22% increase from 2017.
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